Business Start-up Costs — What’s Deductible?
Launching a new business takes hard work — and money. Costs for market surveys, travel to line up potential distributors and suppliers, advertising, hiring employees, training, and other expenses incurred before a business is officially launched can add up to a substantial amount.
The tax law places certain limitations on tax deductions for start-up expenses.
- No deduction is available until the business becomes active.
- Up to $5,000 of accumulated start-up expenses may be deducted in the tax year in which the active business begins. This $5,000 limit is reduced (but not below zero) by the excess of total start-up costs over $50,000.
- Any remaining start-up expenses may be deducted ratably over the 180-month period beginning with the month in which the active business begins.
Example. Gina spent $20,000 on start-up costs before her new business began on July 1, 2015. In 2015, she may deduct $5,000 and the portion of the remaining $15,000 allocable to July through December of 2015 ($15,000/180 × 6 = $500), a total of $5,500. The remaining $14,500 may be deducted ratably over the remaining 174 months.
Instead of deducting start-up costs, a business may elect to capitalize them (treat them as an asset on the balance sheet). Deductions for “organization expenses” — such as legal and accounting fees for services related to forming a corporation or partnership — are subject to similar rules.
If you would like to minimize your tax obligations legally, call 212-631-0320 and ask for Mark.
Mark E. Feinsot CPA is a top rated New York City CPA Tax Accountant helping high net worth individuals and small business owners minimize their taxes while avoiding costly tax battles with the IRS and New York State. We provide additional expertise in aviation accounting for private plane owners, dental practice accounting and law firm accounting.